The Open Society and Its Enemies - Volume Two by Karl Popper

The Open Society and Its Enemies - Volume Two

Written in political exile in New Zealand during the World War II and first published in two volumes in 1945, Karl Poppers The Open Society and its Enemies was hailed by Bertrand Russell as a vigorous and profound defence of democracy. Its now legendary attack on the philosophies of Plato, Hegel and Marx prophesied the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe and exposed the fatal flaws of socially engineered political systems.

Details The Open Society and Its Enemies - Volume Two

TitleThe Open Society and Its Enemies - Volume Two
Release DateJul 11th, 2003
GenrePhilosophy, Politics, Nonfiction, History

Reviews The Open Society and Its Enemies - Volume Two

  • Clif
    This is the second volume of Popper's work that warns of the great influence of thinkers who were no friends of the open society, a society in which the rights of the individual are valued over the glory of the state.In volume one, Popper uses Plato's writings, quoted extensively, to indict Plato very effectively as an advocate of totalitarianism. In this volume, it is Hegel and Marx that are up on charges of abandoning reason for historicism, Po...
  • hayatem
    في هذا الجزء يستمر بوبر في نقده القاسي واللاذع ، ل-الفكرين القومي والاشتراكياللذان يدعوان إلى أنظمة شمولية تمجد الأفكار اليوتوبية ، والمتمثلة في هذا الجزء بالمدرستين الماركسية والهيغلية.*كان ماركس رغم مزاياه نبياً زائفاً.لقد كان نبي مسيرة التاري...
  • Dan
    I don't know what I would do without this book. Popper fled the Nazi takeover of Austria, and set out to write a book that would somehow fight bad ideologies. He succeeded. If only anyone actually read it. Open Society begins with an attack on Plato. Popper argues that we need to realize that Plato chose Sparta over Athens, and every other vaguely cosmopolitan city. He spends time describing just how controlled, misogynistic, and totalitarian Spa...
  • Fathy Sroor
    "إن الأصرار على أقامة الجنة على الأرض لم ينتج سوى الجحيم"في ظني أن العنوان الأدق للكتاب هو"أعداء المجتمع المفتوح"،كون الكتاب قائم على تخليل أبرز الفلسفات التاريخانية(أفلاطون في الجزء الأول،هيجل وماركس هنا) وبيان تهافت بناءها المنطقي واللذي هدد مش...
  • C. Varn
    While Popper's critiques on the dangers of total ideas can be helpful, but ultimately this is a fairly vapid critique.
  • Lucas
    Just a quote:"It should perhaps be admitted that the Heraclitean ethics, the doctrine that the higher reward is that which only posterity can offer, may in some way perhaps be slightly superior to an ethical doctrine which teaches us to look out for reward now. But it is not what we need. We need an ethics which defies success and reward. And such an ethics need not be invented. It is not new. It has been taught by Christianity, at least in its b...
  • Gabriel Thy
    From Plato to Hegel, the philosopher king is the summit of socialism everywhere, a system in which the "good" thinker knows what is best for all individuals. Karl Popper prefers the free society and counts neo-Platonism among his enemies. Having been raised in an authoritarian Communist culture in Austria, Popper rejected "historicism" in ascertaining that the growth of human knowledge is a causal factor in the evolution of human history, and sin...
  • Robin
    Well written, and some interesting insights, but generally disingenuous towards Hegel and Marx, and I think unfairly and quite incorrectly attributes 'methods' to them that are not quite right, but which become convenient anchors for Popper to "deconstruct" them and show their inherrant weaknesses.In this regard he is dishonest and disappointing. But like many conservatives, his criticisms do apply to a certain clique within the left, and no doub...
  • blakeR
    Not nearly as engaging as Volume I. It might be because the material of Hegel's and Marx's philosophies are necessarily more complex than that of Plato and Aristotle. But I also got the impression that Popper, through a large part of the volume, left the discussion of an "open society" off to the side while he treated his preferred topic of historicism, along with other, less relevant tangents (many having to do with Marx's economic theories). Th...
  • Mierrosamir
    - thinking in the solving problems need logics or an experience? - are we should trade one way? - are we all search for many answers at same time? - is there an answer without a question?
  • Bilgehan
    Popper birinci ciltte Platon'un Devlet ve Yasalar'ını çözümlüyor ve eleştiriyor. Herakleitos etkisinde kalan Platon onun gibi elit bir zümrenin iktidarını tasarlıyor. Platon'a göre insanlar farklı kalitelerde doğarlar ve devletteki görevleri de bu kalitelere göre belirlenmelidir. Platon üç sınıfa karşılık üç kalitede insan çeşidi tanımlar. Popper bunun ırkçı bir yaklaşım olduğunu söylese de orta çağın soylu-r...
  • Ali
    گزیده ای از ضمیمه کتاب تحت عنوان "واقعیتها و شاخصها و صدق: انتقادی دیگر از نسبیگرایی" که در سال 1961 توسط پوپر افزوده شده است:ممکن است اعتراض شود که صرف نظر از اینکه آراء من درباره ی ماهیت معرفت اخلاقی و وجدانیات اخلاقی پذیرفتنی باشد یا نه، به هر حال نسب...
  • Tom
    4 1/2 stars. This is a pretty extensive refutation of Marx's (inspired by Hegel's) historicism. "Scientific Marxism is dead," Popper claims, and that's also an apt summary of the work as a whole. I think that he is undoubtedly right in the main in his treatment of Marx, and I'm obviously not going to go through the arguments he proffers against Marx's historicism, but I'll just provide some general remarks and one criticism.First, although it's c...
  • Ciolacu Giuliano
    Partea a 2-a a cărții "Societatea deschisă și dușmanii ei" continuă analiza ideilor care au marcat societatea modernă, de data aceasta Popper aduce în analiză ideile lui Aristotel, Hegel și Marx combinate cu critica împotriva idolatrizării istoricismului (diferit de istorism - Analizele sale urmăresc îndeaproape cum ecourile idealismului hegelian se resimt destul de puternic în Europa lui ...
  • Kraig Grady
    I had never heard of Popper until Ligeti used a title of his for his pieces "Clouds and Clouds". So when in a book store, i search it out but ended up buying this one . Now here was a philosopher who didn't need to use big terms to impress you. His language is as simple as he could make it. And he ask the really important question-how open in terms of individual rights does a citizen have within a society. He takes Plato as a starting point and s...
  • Maggie Koerth Baker
    Still reading currently. Will definitely have more to say about it when I'm done. Given the time frame this is written in, Popper is talking about issues between liberal democracy and the communism-based totalitarian states. But really, a lot of what he's talking about is also applicable to religion and tribalism-based totalitarianism and is, thus, still pretty relevant today.
  • Joel
    I thought that this book was great (both Volume 1 and 2, although people more frequently refer to Volume 2, likely since it discusses Marxism which seems to be more near and dear to people's hearts). Popper wrote The Open Society during World War II when he thought that Europe might soon be under a totalitarian regime.
  • Melusine Parry
    don't agree with the angry man at all, but a good read.
  • Andrew Endicott
    This is the second part (the cover isn't correct, but oh well), and it's equally good. You should read this if you're uninspired to read anything else.
  • sologdin
    very plausibly skips over 25 centuries to tie marxism directly into plato.
  • ali
    A book to learn more about marxism and democracy
  • David
    Volume 2, dealing with Hegel and Marx, with an in-depth critique of the moral theory of historicism and whether history has any meaning, in light of oracular philosophy and the revolt against reason.
  • Xander
    In Vol 2 of The Open Society, Popper describes how the historicist approach of Hegel forms the foundation of facism and how the historicist approach of Marx - never mind its good intentions - led to immense suffering. His treatment of Hegel's philosophy is somewhat irritating, due to the long list of witty comments on how corrupted and wrong Hegel was. (Nonetheless, I completely agree with Popper on this).Hegel, according to Popper, was a scam. H...
  • Said Abuzeineh
    يستأنف بوبر في هذا الجزء ما بدأه في الجزء الأول من نقد النزعة التاريخانية ومنهاجها ومخرجاتها وهو هنا ينقضّ على هيجل وفلسفته في التاريخ انقضاضا شرسا في حين ينقد ماركس ومذهبه نقدا هادئا أقرب للتصويب والتنقيح منه إلى التقويض وغاية المؤلف هنا كما ذكر...
  • Andrei
    Many Marxists consider that knowledge is determined by cultural and social norms, but Popper rejects this idea as absurd. His main argument is that Marxists ignored famous examples from the history of science, such as Copernicus’s heliocentric theory of the solar system that was created independently from the cultural prejudices of the sixteenth century. This leads us to the conclusion that scientific knowledge does not depend on society. Poppe...
  • André Pereira
    Modern totalitarianism is only an episode within the perennial revolt against freedom and reason. From older episodes it is distinguished not so much by its ideology, as by the fact that its leaders succeeded in realizing one of the boldest dreams of their predecessors; they made the revolt against freedom a popular movement.
  • Philip Coulter
    Interesting but uneven. I'm not overly familiar with the material than Popper is critiquing but as ever a lot of it may be an idiosyncratic interpretation or very focused take on certain aspects. Popper feels on safer territory when he turn to a more general discussion of historicism towards the end of the book.
  • Lorenz Risk
    Must Read! Intelligenr, witty, important.I finally understood the reactionary philosophy of Hegel leading to two world wars and how the profound analyses of Marx could turn (or be turned) into the totalitarism of Stalin.
  • Klaus